You are here:
< Back

Cowpea Production


Cowpea, Vigna unguiculata, is a climbing annual in the family Fabaceae grown for its edible seeds and pods. The cowpea plant is usually erect and possess ribbed stems and smooth trifoliate leaves which are arranged alternately on the stems. The plant produces clusters of flowers at the end of a peduncle (flower stalk) and 2–3 seed pods per peduncle. The seed pods are smooth, cylindrical and curved, reaching up to 35 cm (10 in) in length, with distinctive coloration, usually green, purple or yellow. As the seeds reach maturity the pod changes color to tan or brown. The seeds can be white, cream, green, red brown or black in color or be a mottled combination. The seed may also possess an ‘eye’ where a lighter color is surrounded by one that is darker. Cowpea can reach in excess of 80 cm (31.5 in) in height and, as an annual plant, lives for only one growing season before harvest. Cowpea may also be referred to as black-eyed pea, southern pea, crowder pea or field pea and originates from Africa.


Land Preparation

Cowpea requires a good, well-drained soil. In the forest zone, cowpea may not be grown as the first crop on lands that have been in fallow for more than 10 years. Cowpea should be rotated with other crops, e.g., maize, after one or two successive cropping.

For soils with poor structure, high run-off and low water infiltration, the physical properties can be improved markedly and cowpea yields increased if farmers hoe the land or the land is ploughed. Zero tillage (for example using Roundup spray prior to planting) may be used only where drainage is good.

Site must be stumped, ploughed, and harrowed into a clean seed bed. In sole cropping, it is not necessary to make ridges or heaps, but in mixed cropping, cowpea may be planted on ridges or heaps. Contour bunds are advised on sloping sites to check erosion. Also, if the land had been previously cropped, these land preparation requirements may not be necessary. ‘minimum tillage’ practice can be adopted.

When minimum tillage is practiced, spray Paraquat (Gramoxone) at 240 ml–320 ml/20 litres of water (3–4 litres/ha), depending on weed situation, to clear the vegetation. When there are stubborn weeds e.g. Imperata cylindrica (speargrass) and sedges, use Glyphosate (Round-up) at 5–6 litres/ha. If Round-up is used, the farmer is advised to wait for about 3 weeks before planting cowpea.



Recommended varieties

  • Ife Brown (IRAWO), brown seeded, (75 days maturity).
  • Ife Bimpe, Brown seeded, (85 days maturity).
  • IT 84E–124, Brown seeded, (60 days maturity). (iv) K-28, Brown seeded, (about 75 days maturity). (v) IT 84E–2246-4, Brown seeded. Certified seeds are available from state Ministries of Agriculture and Natural Resources, the National Seed Service, and registered private seed companies.


Climatic and Soil Requirements

Cowpeas grow best during summer. The base temperature for germination is 8,5 °C and for leaf growth 20 °C. Cowpea is a heat-loving and drought-tolerant crop. The optimum temperature for growth and development is around 30 °C. Varieties differ in their response to day length, some being insensitive and flowering within 30 days after sowing when grown at a temperature around 30 °C. The time of flowering of photosensitive varieties is dependent on time and location of sowing and may be more than 100 days. Even in early flowering varieties, the flowering period can be extended by warm and moist conditions, leading to asynchronous maturity. The optimum sowing times are December to January. Early-sown crops tend to have elongated internodes, are less erect, more vegetative and have a lower yield than those sown at the optimum time. The presence of nodular bacteria specific to cowpea (Bradyrhizobium spp.), make it suitable for cultivation in the hot, marginal cropping areas of Southern Africa, as well as in the cooler, higher rainfall areas. However, cowpeas are much less tolerant to cold soils. Cowpeas grow best during summer. Water Cowpea is a higher drought-tolerant crop than many other crops. It can grow under rainfall ranging from 400 to 700 mm per annum. Cowpeas are also having a great tolerance to waterlogging. Well-distributed rainfall is important for normal growth and development of cowpeas. The frequency and unreliability of rainfall pose problems to cowpea growth in South Africa. In some areas, the frequency of rain is too high, resulting in flooding, while in some other areas it is so unreliable that moisture conservation remains vitally important for crop production. Cowpeas utilise soil moisture efficiently and are more drought-tolerant than groundnuts, soya-beans and sunflowers. Cowpeas can be produced satisfactorily with an annual rainfall between 400 and 750 mm. In some areas of Mpumalanga, where annual rainfall is high, cowpeas could be planted ata time to coincide with the peak period of rainfall during the vegetative phase or flowering stage so that pod-drying could take place during dry weather. Adequate rainfall is important during the flowering/pudding stage. Cowpeas react to serious moisture stress by limiting growth (especially leaf growth) and reducing leaf area by changing leaf orientation and closing the stomata. Flower and pod abscission during severe moisture stress also serves as a growth-restricting mechanism. Cowpeas are grown on a wide range of soils but the crop shows a preference for sandy soils, which tend to be less restrictive on root growth. It is more tolerant to infertile and acid soils than many other crops. Cowpeas are grown on a wide range of soils but prefer sandy soils which are less restrictive to root growth. This adaptation to lighter soils is coupled with drought tolerance through reduced leaf growth, less water loss through stomata, and leaf movement to reduce light and heat load under stress. Cowpeas are much less tolerant to cold soils than common beans and show a poor tolerance to waterlogging. Cowpeas thrive in well-drained soil and less on heavy soils. It requires a soil pH of between 5,6 and 6,0.



Inter-row width depends on the growth habit of the variety being used. Upright types can be planted in 30cm to 90cm rows, semi-runners in 90cm to 150cm rows, and runners in 150cm to 200cm rows, depending on the rainfall. In-row spacing must not be more than 75cm to ensure a good plant population.

A planting depth of 5cm is best. Upright types need a plant population of at least 120 000 plants/ha for optimal production and 70 000 plants/ha in the case of semi-runner or runner types. For optimum yield, cowpeas should be planted late November to early December in lower rainfall areas of South Africa. The seed should be planted at 3 to 4 cm deep. The early-sown crops tend to have elongated internodes, are less erect, more vegetative and lower yielding than those sown at the optimum time. Date of planting manipulation is utilised by farmers for various reasons. The reasons include escape from periods of high pest load or to plant cowpea at such a time that harvesting of the crop would coincide with the period of dry weather.


Plant spacing and density

Three seeds are planted at 20 cm along the ridge spaced 75 cm apart (20 cm x 75 cm) representing 133 000 plants/ha for erect/semi-erect varieties and (50 cm x 75 cm; 60,000 plants/ha) for the spreading types but later thinned to two seedlings per hill, 1 week after germination. Seeding rate ranges from 25 to 30 kg of good and viable seeds per hectare in experimental stations. Commercial seeding rates would depend on plant spacing.


Management Practices


Fertiliser application in cowpea production depends on anticipated yield and soil fertility. As a legume, cowpea fixes its own nitrogen, and does not need nitrogen fertiliser. Seed should be inoculated with the appropriate Rhizobium species for optimum nitrogen fixation, however nodules will generally form on cowpeas. Application of a phosphate fertiliser is usually beneficial. Cowpea can grow in a pH range of 5,6 to 6,5.


Cowpeas are usually grown under dryland rather than irrigated conditions.

Weed control

Annual grasses and some broadleaf weeds can be controlled by a pre-sowing application of herbicide. Row crop cultivation may be necessary with cowpeas, depending on the weed pressure, soil conditions, and rainfall. Replant tillage can assist greatly in reducing early weed pressure, and the use of cover crops. Striga gesnerioides and Alectra spp. are the principal parasitic weeds attacking cowpeas, particularly in the semiarid regions. The following three are the most common Striga species that are a pest to cowpea: S. hermonthica, S. asiatica and S. gesnerioides. The pest status is complex because the forms of parasitic weeds that are found on one species cannot germinate on another host plant. Careful observations and records are therefore necessary to clarify which crops are parasitized by which species.


Common Pest and Diseases

Bacterial blight Xanthomonas campestris


Water-soaked spots on leaves which enlarge and become necrotic; spots may be surrounded by a zone of yellow discoloration; lesions coalesce and give plant a burned appearance; leaves that die remain attached to plant; circular, sunken, red-brown lesion may be present on pods; pod lesions may ooze during humid conditions


Caused by bacterium. Disease can be introduced by contaminated seed; bacteria overwinters in crop debris; disease emergence favoured by warm temperatures; spread is greatest during humid, wet weather conditions


Plant only certified seed; plant resistant varieties; treat seeds with an appropriate antibiotic prior to planting to kill off bacteria; spray plants with an appropriate protective copper based fungicide before appearance of symptoms.


Anthracnose Colletotrichum spp.


Tan to brown sunken lesions on leaves; lesions merging to girdle stems and petioles; lesions may become covered in pink spore masses during periods of wet weather


 It is caused by fungi. Disease causes economically important losses to crops in Africa, Latin America and Asia


The best method of controlling the fungus is to plant resistant varieties if available; plant only certified disease-free seed; practice good field sanitation such as removing crop debris from field after harvest to reduce levels of inoculum


Brown blotch Colletotrichum capsici Colletotrichum truncatum


Seeds not germinating; death of seedlings; post emergence symptoms include sunken oval lesions on stems, red-brown lesions on leaves, flowers aborting and/or mummified pods; severe defoliation can occur during prolonged periods of wet weather


It is caused by fungi. Disease particularly important in rainforest zone, southern Guinea savannas and the southernmost part of northern Guinea savannas


The best method of controlling the fungus is to plant resistant varieties if available; plant only certified disease-free seed; practice good field sanitation such as removing crop debris from field after harvest to reduce levels of inoculum


Brown rust Uromyces spp.


Raised brown to black pustules on both sides of leaves; wilting plants; drying leaves dropping from plant


Fungi. Major disease in parts of West Africa and in areas of medium elevation in East Africa


Sprays of sulphur or potassium carbonate can help to control the disease


Cercospora and Pseudocercospora leaf spot Cercospora canscens Pseudocercospora cruenta


Chlorotic spots on upper surfaces of leaves; necrotic spots on leaves; masses of spores on lesions which resemble black mats on lower leaf surface; defoliation of plants; yellowing of leaves; circular, red lesions on leaves


Fungi. Pseudospora an important disease in China; both diseases occur in Africa


Remove all crop residue from field after harvest; plant disease-free seed


Powdery mildew Erisyphe polygani Sphaerotheca fuliginea


White powdery fungal growth on upper surfaces of leaves; chlorotic or brown patches on leaves; leaves dropping from plant


Fungi. E. polygani occurs in all areas where cowpea is grown; S. fuliginea only reported in India


Plant resistant varieties if available; use adequate plant spacing to avoid overcrowding and promote good air circulation around plants


Asochyta blight Asochyta phaseolorum


Severe defoliation of plants; extensive lesions on stems and pods; if infection is severe then plants may be killed



Fungus. Major disease in Africa; disease transmitted by infected seed and from infected plant debris; secondary spread by rain splash and wind


Plant disease-free seed; applications of appropriate foliar fungicides, where available, may help to control the disease


Soft stem rot Pythium aphanidermatum


Gary to green water-soaked rot girdling stem; plant death; white mycelial growth on stem during high humidity


Fungus. Important in warm, humid tropical conditions of southern Guinea, West Central Africa and subtropical India


Plant in well-draining soils or raised bed to reduce soil moisture content; solarizing soil can help reduce levels of inoculum in the soil; soil drenches or seed treatment with appropriate fungicides can help to control the disease


Rhizoctonia seedling blight Rhizoctonia solani


Water-soaked sunken, red-brown lesions on hypocotyls (germinating shoot below seed leaves) and epicotyls (shoot above seed leaves); small, circular brown spots on leaves; large irregular lesions with zonate banding on leaves; lesions with water-soaked borders; leaves that look like they are covered in sand (sclerotia)


Fungus. Can cause complete destruction of canopy


Crop rotation helps to reduce the build up of the fungus in the soil; reduce soil compaction; do not plant seeds too deep


Charcoal rot Macrophomina phaseolina


Discoloration of stem at soil line; cankers on stem may spread upwards; leaves may wilt and drop from plant; numerous small black sclerota (fungal fruiting bodies) develop in affected tissues and can be used to diagnose the disease


Fungus. Fungus had a wide host range and affects beans, tobacco, soybean, pigeon pea and many other crops; disease is primarily spread via microsclerota in the soil


Organic soil amendments such as the addition of manure or neemcake can be used to reduce levels of inocuum in the soil.


Southern blight Sclerotium rolfsii


Sudden wilting of leaves; yellowing foliage; browning stem above and below soil; browning branches; stem may be covered with fan-like mycelial mat.


Fungus. Fungus can survive in soil for long periods; disease emergence favored by high temperatures, high humidity and acidic soil; disease found mainly in tropical and subtropical regions, including the southern United States.


Remove infected plants; avoid overcrowding plants to promote air circulation; rotate crops with less susceptible plants; plow crop debris deep into soil; provide a barrier to infection by wrapping lower stems of plant with aluminum foil covering below ground portion of stem and 2-3 in above soil line


Fusarium wilt Fusarium oxysporum


Stunted plant growth; yellowing, necrotic basal leaves; brown-red or black streaks on roots that coalesce as they mature; lesions may spread above the soil line


Fungus. Damage caused by the emergence of the disease is worsened by warm, compacted soils, limited soil moisture and poor soil fertility.


Control relies on cultural practices e.g. do not plant in same area more than once in any 5-year span or treating seeds with an appropriate fungicide prior to planting


Aphids (Cowpea aphid, Pea aphid, etc.) Aphis craccivora Acyrthosiphon pisum


Small soft bodied insects on underside of leaves and/or stems of plant; usually green or yellow in colour, but may be pink, brown, red or black depending on species and host plant; if aphid infestation is heavy it may cause leaves to yellow and/or distorted, necrotic spots on leaves and/or stunted shoots; aphids secrete a sticky, sugary substance called honeydew which encourages the growth of sooty mold on the plants.


Insect. Distinguishing features include the presence of cornicles (tubular structures) which project backwards from the body of the aphid; will generally not move very quickly when disturbed


If aphid population is limited to just a few leaves or shoots then the infestation can be pruned out to provide control; check transplants for aphids before planting; use tolerant varieties if available; reflective mulches such as silver colored plastic can deter aphids from feeding on plants; sturdy plants can be sprayed with a strong jet of water to knock aphids from leaves; insecticides are generally only required to treat aphids if the infestation is very high – plants generally tolerate low and medium level infestation; insecticidal soaps or oils such as neem or canola oil are usually the best method of control; always check the labels of the products for specific usage guidelines prior to use.




Armyworms (Beet armyworm, Western striped armyworm) Spodoptera exigua Spodoptera praefica


Singular, or closely grouped circular to irregularly shaped holes in foliage; heavy feeding by young larvae leads to skeletonized leaves; shallow, dry wounds on fruit; egg clusters of 50-150 eggs may be present on the leaves; egg clusters are covered in a whitish scale which gives the cluster a cottony or fuzzy appearance; young larvae are pale green to yellow in color while older larvae are generally darker green with a dark and light line running along the side of their body and a pink or yellow underside.


Insect. Insect can go through 3–5 generations a year.


Organic methods of controlling armyworms include biological control by natural enemies which parasitize the larvae and the application of Bacillus thuringiensis; there are chemicals available for commercial control but many that are available for the home garden do not provide adequate control of the larvae.


Corn earworm Helicoverpa zea


Larvae damage leaves, buds, flowers, pods and beans; young caterpillars are cream-white in colour with a black head and black hairs; older larvae may be yellow-green to almost black in colour with fine white lines along their body and black spots at the base of hairs; eggs are laid singly on both upper and lower leaf surfaces and are initially creamy white but develop a brown-red ring after 24 hours and darken prior to hatching


Insect. Adult insect is a pale green to tan, medium sized moth; insect is also very damaging pests of corn; insect overwinters as pupae in the soil.


Monitor plants for eggs and young larvae and also natural enemies that could be damaged by chemicals; Bacillus thuringiensis or Entrust SC may be applied to control insects on organically grown plants; appropriate chemical treatment may be required for control in commercial plantations



Mexican bean beetle Epilachna varivestis


Irregular patches of feeding damage on underside of leaves which causes the top surface of the leaf to dry out, giving the leaves a lacy appearance; insect will also damage flowers and small pods; pods may be damaged so badly that they drop from the plant; adult insect is an orange-brown beetle with black spots; larvae are fat-bodied grubs which taper at the end and are in rows of conspicuous spines.


Insect. Beetles can decimate bean crops; beetles overwinter as adults and undergo 2-3 generations per year.


Some bean varieties may be less attractive hosts for the beetle, e.g. snapbeans are preferred hosts over lima beans; early varieties may escape damage form beetles beetle populations can be reduced by remove overwintering sites such as brush and leaves on the ground; handpick larvae and adults; brush eggs from leaves and destroy; apply insecticidal soap to leaf undersides if infestation is heavy.


Root knot nematode Meloidogyne spp.


Galls on roots which can be up to 3.3 cm (1 in) in diameter but are usually smaller; reduction in plant vigor; yellowing plants which wilt in hot weather.


Nematode. Galls can appear as quickly as a month prior to planting; nematodes prefer sandy soils and damage in areas of field or garden with this type of soil is most likely.


Plant resistant varieties if nematodes are known to be present in the soil. Check roots of plants mid-season or sooner if symptoms indicate nematodes; solarizing soil can reduce nematode populations in the soil and levels of inoculum of many other pathogens.



Harvest and Postharvest Handling


Cowpeas vary in growth habit. Erect or semi-erect types with short (<100 days) growth duration are grown mostly for grain. Semi-erect types and trailing plants have longer (>120 days) duration in and are grown primarily for forage. At maturity, leaves dry down but may not drop off completely. Cowpeas need to be harvested when seed moisture content is 14 to18%, depending on the consumer’s requirement. In cowpeas grown for vegetable purposes, the leaves are picked 4 weeks after planting, and this continues until the plants start to flower.


Harvesting method

Cowpea can be harvested using a harvester or by hand. The upright cultivars are easy to harvest by machine. Cowpea grown as a dried seed product can be directly combined, using a platform head or a row crop head. Adjustments to combine settings and sieve sizes should be made for the cowpea seed. Because the pods are relatively long, some will touch the ground or be close to it, making it important to run the grain table close to the ground. In the case of cowpeas grown for vegetable purposes, young leaves are mainly picked by hand; older leaves accumulate dust or get spattered with mud from raindrops if not harvested. In most cases, harvesting of cowpea should coincide with the onset of dry season when the dry pods can await harvest­ing for a week without spoilage. However, to avoid field weathering or shattering, dry pods should not be left in the field longer than 2 weeks after full pod maturity. Harvest­ing can be carried out manually (hand harvesting) or by using a combine harvester in the case of large-scale production.



Seed quality is important. Care in harvest and post-harvest handling allows to avoid cracked or split seed as such seeds which were allowed to dry on plant are harvested to ensure full maturity. Sorting is done to separate the broken seeds from full seeds.

The leaves are dried to store for the dry season. Usually they are first steamed or boded, but not in all places. Sun-drying requires 1 to 3 days; storage is possible for up to a year because dried cooked leaves are not damaged by insects to the same extent as dried seeds. Excessive losses of P-carotene, vitamin C, and the amino acid lysine often occur in sun-dried leaves; however, these can be reduced by minimal cooking followed by drying in the shade.



The youngest leaves or tender shoots are gathered while in the distinctive green color phase of new growth. Young leaves are tender, usually higher in protein, and, lacking insect damage, often look more appealing. Older leaves accumulate dust or get spattered with mud from raindrops, while younger leaves would not need so much washing.



Buyers want the seeds cleaned and bagged, while others will take the grain in bulk form and clean it themselves. In case of sun drying, package in sacks and put into electrical dryers or spread on a concrete slab in order to reduce the moisture content to about 12%.



Insect pests can devastate cowpea during storage. There are storage insects that cause damage to the seed; it is therefore important to store seed in a protected place. A serious insect pest during storage is the cowpea weevil Callosobruchus maculatus, (Coleoptera: bruchidae). The rising popularity of organic produce lines has created interest in non-chemical disinfestation treatments; as the use of chemicals in controlling these insects is becoming a problem.

The storage life of cowpea depends on its moisture content before storage. The lower the moisture content, the better the quality of seeds in storage. The grain can be stored short term at around 12% moisture or less, with 8 to 9% recommended for long-term storage. Cowpea leaves are dried to store them for the dry season. Sun-dried leaves may store for up to a year because dried, cooked leaves are not damaged as much by insects as dried seeds.


Cowpea’s high protein content, its adaptability to different types of soil and inter-cropping systems, its resistance to drought, and its ability to improve soil fertility and prevent erosion, makes it an important economic crop in many developing regions. The sale of the stems and leaves as animal feed during the dry season also provides a vital income for farmers.


All parts of the cowpea crop are used as all are rich in nutrients and fibre. In Africa humans consume the young leaves, immature pods, immature seeds, and the mature dried seeds. The stems, leaves, and vines serve as animal feed and are often stored for use during the dry season. Fifty-two percent of Africa’s production is used for food, 13% as animal feed, 10% for seeds, 9% for other uses, and 16% is wasted.

Regional preferences occur for the different seed size, colour texture of seed coat. For example, Ghanaians are willing to pay a premium for black-eyed peas, while Cameroonians would lower their prices for them.

More than 4 million tons of peas of all sorts are consumed worldwide, with 387,000 tons consumed in Africa.

Disease Incidence and Constraints

The cowpea plant is attacked by pests during every stage of its life cycle. Aphids extract juice from its leaves and stems while the crop is still a seedling and also spread the cowpea mosaic virus. Flower trips feast on it during flowering, pod borers attack its pods during pod growth, and bruchid weevils attack the post harvested seeds. The plants are also attacked by diseases caused by fungi, bacteria and viruses. Parasitic weeds—Striga and Alectra—choke the plants growth at all stages and nematodes prevent the roots from absorbing nutrients and water from the soil.

Most cowpea crops are rain fed and although it is drought tolerant, cowpea farmers in the dry savannah areas of sub-Saharan Africa obtain low yields, estimated at about 350 kg per hectare.

Furthermore, scientists of the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, IITA have developed high yielding varieties that are early or medium maturing and have consumer-preferred traits such as large seeds, seed coat texture and colour. A number of the varieties have resistance to some of the major diseases, pests, nematodes, and parasitic weeds. They are also well-adapted to sole or intercropping.

The Improved varieties according to IITA have been released to 68 countries in all of the world’s regions. In addition, IITA’s Farmer Field School (FFS) projects, in collaboration with partners, have trained farmers in improved pest management practices of cowpea crops.

The IITA gene bank holds the world’s largest and most diverse collection of cowpeas, with 15,122 unique samples from 88 countries, representing 70% of African cultivars and nearly half of the global diversity.



For some markets, the cowpeas must be harvested at higher moisture, such as 18 %, and trucked directly from the field to the processor and do not require specialised transportation for seed, however, it could be necessary for the leaf market to avoid wilting.



For some markets, the cowpeas must be harvested at higher moisture, such as 18 %, and trucked directly from the field to the processor and do not require specialised transportation for seed, however, it could be necessary for the leaf market to avoid wilting.


For the cowpea seed market, seed quality is vital, so care in harvest and post-harvest handling may be important to avoid cracked or split seed. Cowpea leaves are sold in South Africa, Ghana, Mali, Benin, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania and Malawi.

For the cowpea seed market, seed quality is vital, so care in harvest and post-harvest handling may be important to avoid cracked or split seed. Cowpea leaves are sold in South Africa, Ghana, Mali, Benin, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania and Malawi.






Cowpea Companies


cashew nuts, cowpeas, chickpeas, peanuts from tanzania,.

Address: Njiro, Arusha, Tanzania


Eas African Pigeon peas, Beans, Maize, Cashew nuts, Ground Nuts, Cowpeas, Yellow Gram.

Address: No.5/6 Plot No.25A, Andavar Nagar, Ramapuram Chennai Tamil Nadu 600 089 India


export several type seeds for agriculture, namelly yellou and white maize, beans, cowpeas, groundnuts, millet, sorghum, buy gray portland cement i,42.5, en197 and many commodities.

Address: katiavala,126-B, Luanda, Luanda, Angola

Indomada Impex 

Cowpeas, Lima Beans, Peanuts, Wood.

Address: 34, Bajaj Road Mumbai Maharashtra Madagascar

Pan World Business Link 

market for cowpeas,



kidney beans (white/black/red/yellow/light speckled), green lentils, green mung, cowpeas.

Address: yanan 3 road, qingdao, shandong, China

Nanjing Bonagro Intl Trading Co., Ltd. 

Pulses and beans, seeds grains, dried fruit nuts, spice chinese herbal, snack food, Pulses & Beans, red kidney bean, white bean, speckled bean, black bean, broad bean, green mung bean, Lentils, cowpeas, Adsuki bean, chickpeas, coffee bean, Seeds kernels, pumpkin seeds, sunflower seeds, watermelon ….

Address: Rm1308A, No.186-1, Jiangdong Middle Road


Soybean meal, Soybean flour, Cowpeas, Gelatinized corn flour, Crude soybean oil, Glycerin, Timber, Food grade product,.

Address: Rua Londrina, 319


chinese red kidney beans, light speckled kidney beans, mung beans, white kidney beans (japanese type), dark red kidney beans (english type), cowpeas, bird food, kernels, black eye beans, lentils, chick peas,.


TR Imports and Exports 

PP Bags, Sugar Beans, White Beans, Beans, Cowpeas, Maize Meal, Sugar, Wheat, Brown/White Bread Flour, WOVEN PP BAGS, Cooking Oils, Palm Oil, Paraffin, Batteries, Tinned/Canned Goods, Salt, Milk Powders, Coffee, Catering Equipment, Icumsa Sugar 45/500,

Address: Benoni

Braim enterprise 

White Cowpeas,

Cob cliff Investments 

sesame seed, fresh pineapples, cowpeas,

Address: Deall, Harare, Harare, Zimbabwe


bean, black eyed peas, cowpeas, acorns, nut, black eyed beans.

Address: 203 bunji Mapyeong-dong Yongin-si Cheoin-gu Gyeonggi-do 449928 Korea

Dasmesh Kheti Sewa Kender 

Paddy Seeds, Basmati Seeds, Maize Seeds, Bajra Seeds, Jawar Seeds, Wheat Seeds, Barley Seeds, Oats Seeds, Musturd Seeds, Barseem seeds, Green Gram, Cowpeas, Guar seed, RABI FIELD CROPS, FODDER RABI.

Address: FOCAL POINT, D-43

Click here for more details



Cowpea peeling and flour milling plant

Cowpea peeling and flour milling plant can process cowpea by cleaning, peeling, milling and packaging. Cowpea peeling and flour milling plant consists of cowpea cleaning machine, cowpea peeling machine, cowpea milling machine and cowpea packaging machine. From cowpea peeling and flour milling plant, we can get peeled cowpea kernels, cowpea grits and cowpea flour.


 Cowpea peeling and flour milling plant working process


Cowpea peeling and flour milling plant working process:

  • Bean cleaning section: it adopts two screening sections, two destoning sections, one magnetic separation section, and removes the big, small and light impurities, pebbles and magnetic material from the beans to ensure the quality of the end products.
  • Bean color sorting section: it adopts the color sorter to separate the moldy kernels, shriveled beans and foreign species of beans according to the color and luster feature of the beans.
  • Bean peeling section: it adopts peeling, brushing and shunting technology (it can utilize the segregation valve to choose peeling and brushing according to the material character.)
  • Peling: it can peel the bean bran and separate and collect it by effective aspiration system;
  • Brushing: it can separate the micro bran and dust which adheres to the material surface.
  • Grading section: it adopts different screens and classify the material into different grades according to the size.
  • Bean kernel making and grits milling section: it adopts the technology of three peeling sections, one grits making section, grading and suspension.
  • Peeling section: it can peel the bean bran and separate and collect it by effective aspiration system and produce whole peeled kernels;
  • Bean grits making section: it uses fine bean grits machine and mill beans into bean grits;
  • Bean kernels and bean grits grading section: it adopts different screens and classifies bean kernels or bean grits into different grades according to the size.
  • Suspension: it separates bean bran by utilizing airflow according to different material gravity.
  • Bean flour milling section: it adopts the technology of burdening, several processes of grinding and screening and grading.
  • Burdening: it can mix different material according to different requirements for different products;
  • Grinding: it can grind or mill the beans into fine bean flour by the professional bean grinder;
  • Screening: it separates the bean flour. Soy flour and grits enhance the nutrition and texture of products. Available in a variety of granulations, soy flour and grits have multiple uses, including extending the freshness and shelf-life of many foods.
  • Measuring and packaging section: storage can reduce the amount of labour used. Measuring can be artificial or electronic

Cowpea peeling and flour milling plant technical parameter

Cowpea peeling and flour milling plant technical parameter



TypePower (kw)Power Consumption(kw/h)Capacity(t/24h)Workshop Dimension(l*w*h/m)
10t2438-401010*4*4 (steel structure)
20t5638-402016*5*5 (steel structure)
30t7238-403020*5*5 (steel structure)
50t11938-405020*5*7 (steel structure)
100t23838-4010030*5*7 (steel structure)